Today’s kitchen belongs to all family members of the house occupants.
Cooking is not only done by a housewife, but also by fathers and children, male or female.
Nowadays, cooking is not an activity that is only done by a majority of women.
This is not only a matter of gender equality but also because of recipes that are easily available and more practical ways to cook using sophisticated cooking utensils.
One other thing, which is also essential about changing how to cook is the existence of a modern and innovative kitchens designs.
The cooking pattern in the skillet, with various spices that must be processed traditionally or pounded, slowly shifts with the use of ready-to-use seasoning flour or by using a blender that can crush the spices in an “instant.”
It can be said, at this time, the majority of cooking menus are shifting to practical matters.
Modern and innovative kitchen designs have replaced old kitchen models that are easily messy, full of oil and soot, and are usually stuffed with furniture.
Now comes a kitchen that looks cheerful, clean, hygienic, and has a beautiful figure.
Storage for furniture and cooking materials, concocting, cooking, and washing areas are made neater, orderly, and easy to maintain.
In turn, the kitchen can be the center of cooking for family members.
Their family members can gather because access is usually close to the dining room.
Preparing meals is easier because, with modern designs, the facilities available are both easy and fun.
This is certainly supported by the advancement of the kitchen material industry, also by the many kitchen appliances.
Now there are various products with various choices of shapes, colors, and prices.
No less interesting, the emergence of design services at competitive prices.
This kitchen, modern, and innovative model article is presented as part of your inspiration and practical solutions for you.
Rugdots.com wants to always assist you by giving ideas to make life at home more comfortable.
- 1 How to Create Innovative Modern Kitchen Design that Fit Its Functions
- 2 Traffic Flow in the Kitchen
- 3 Work Triangle (3 Activities in the Kitchen)
- 4 Air Circulation and Lighting
- 5 Ergonomics
- 6 KITCHEN ELEMENT
- 7 KITCHEN MATERIAL
How to Create Innovative Modern Kitchen Design that Fit Its Functions
People know two types of kitchens, wet and dry.
Some refer to it as a “clean kitchen” and “dirty kitchen.”
One thing that is different from the era of the 90s back when the kitchen is no more than a plot behind a house that contains terracotta stoves and various cauldrons hung on the wall.
Certainly, because of a different lifestyle, which makes the kitchen experience changes in design like that.
In big cities, when home space is increasingly limited, the kitchen is no longer just a place to cook.
But it also forms part of the dining room. Preparing food is a process that is enjoyed by all family members.
If the parent cooks, at the same time, she can also supervise the child at the next table who is playing.
Because it is part of the dining room, kitchen design requires extra cleanliness and neatness.
Back to the term at the beginning of the article, it was called a wet kitchen because there was a sink.
Conversely, without it called a dry kitchen.
Such division is not entirely standard because an effective kitchen design returns to the owner’s eating and cooking patterns.
We cannot just follow the standards of today’s kitchens.
If at home it turns out we still like to make food by kneading on a mortar, of course, there must be a table facility for that.
If not, a kitchen that has been made difficult and expensive, in the end, will only be mere decoration.
If we like to cook, and the food is quite complicated, a simple kitchen that is completely dry will certainly not “run.”
Conversely, if we are not too fond of cooking, and more often eat out, why also build a large kitchen with so many equipment?
For this reason, a useful kitchen should be designed from the kitchen owner’s cooking patterns or habits.
Cooking habits will be able to answer design needs. It will also be able to give an idea of how wide and what the storage area is like.
No need to hesitate to collect various cooking utensils, if indeed everything we need, because we love making various dishes.
Traffic Flow in the Kitchen
How large or the size of the kitchen needed depends on the land we have. However, the minimum is 2m x 3m.
Whatever the size, a kitchen design must consider the flow of people (traffic flow).
We know, in general, in the kitchen other people also work — for example, our household assistant, the little one who went along, or even close friends.
This means the kitchen must be able to accommodate other people who are both doing something.
Interior experts have long been doing research on human motion (moving studies).
There are some movements of people that need to be counted so that it requires sufficient area to go back and forth (for example, moves around the kitchen room, from one area to another area).
Then the movements must be sufficiently accommodated for certain areas (only in washing or in cooking areas).
Then, enough space to walk from the kitchen to the other room – for example, to the dining room.
Finally, there is room to connect the kitchen with the outside space. This is important for air circulation.
Pay attention to the layout; don’t let the kitchen design make the above movements conflict with each other. For that, we should sketch the overall design, not fragmentary.
Work Triangle (3 Activities in the Kitchen)
The most classic division of currents for the kitchen is the work triangle or “work triangle.”
This pattern explains the three main activities in the kitchen, which are different but are interrelated: storing food items (in the refrigerator), preparing and washing ingredients (in a sink or often called a kitchen sink), and cooking food (on the stove).
This activity triangle makes it easy for us to check, does the kitchen design make it easier for people to work or even make it complicated?
The center of kitchen activity may be washing and compounding.
Washing is done before cooking or after the cooking process is complete.
If so, the focus of our attention now is to link the sink position with other cooking utensils.
Place the sink in a position that allows easy access to the refrigerator and stove.
Try now, imagine. We take vegetables and refrigerator, then step into the sink and wash it.
Then we need to chop up the vegetables according to the recipe we are going to make. From there, we will go to the stove with a pan or pan.
If necessary, heat it in the oven, or take it directly to the dining room. Eat finished; we bring dirty dishes into the sink.
Thus, the existence of an area outside the kitchen where we are in and out also becomes essential.
As important as the division of plots in the kitchen space itself.
Air Circulation and Lighting
Adequate air circulation is very important. Food seasonings in Asia tend to smell ‘spicy’ or piercing the nose. While in Europe or the West, the character is different again.
Also, many Asian dishes are made through the process of stir-frying.
Most Asian food is also served hot.
If the circulation is not enough, the room becomes stuffy and smelly; invite small animals to live there.
There are many ways to make air circulation in designing a kitchen, for example, large windows, vents (overlay), or access to the park door.
Maybe our kitchen is a little dark now because it’s behind, and almost without a window.
If we can make a skylight by installing glass tiles and opening the ceiling partially, the atmosphere will differ greatly.
Natural light, for example, makes the wet parts dry. Cooking activities are more fun.
Kitchen activities also require sufficient light. Moreover, there are sharp objects (knives) and fire (stoves).
Lights are not only needed to illuminate the entire room, but also those that are focused on the concoction table.
Ergonomic science has helped us create effective kitchen designs.
Height, width, and adequate length making the kitchen can be used by anyone (except children).
In general, kitchen-set makers also use standard sizes.
The wrong size of the kitchen-set can make users inconvenience, even with back pain problems.
By adjusting to ergonomic standard sizes, you can also save even more money.
There is no reworking to dismantle this, and that is because of the right size.
Ergonomic size concerns the height of opening the top and bottom shelves, the size of the reach of the hand when it is on a concoction or stove table, and the height of the chairs and tables must be taken into account when designing your dream kitchen.
Design that adjusts to human ergonomics will make the kitchen more comfortable.
A kitchen must pay attention to at least three essential elements: first, the washing tub, second, the stove and the channel, third, lighting.
If those three things are done well, fulfilling the maximum function of a kitchen will be easily achieved.
Washing basins that are too small and of poor quality will disrupt washing activities, even causing leakage or stoppage.
The stove is not right with the quantity of cooking will cause the addition of equipment.
This also results in additional costs.
Meanwhile, the lack of lighting disrupted cooking activities and created a less passionate atmosphere in the room.
Choose a Sink
Washing basins or sinks are central to a kitchen.
A study conducted by the Blanco company in Germany shows that around 60% of kitchen activity is spent in this area.
The rest is for cooking (25%) and other activities (15%).
At the sink, people wash, rinse, and clean food and furniture at once.
Sink as to what is the most appropriate we install?
Every family has different needs.
In the market, various forms can be chosen according to our cooking style, also following the available land.
The shape of the sink can be distinguished from the number of holes (bow).
There is only one hole, two holes, and more than that.
Other than that, some have additional bowls (smaller bowls) smaller than the size of the main hole as a means of washing small amounts of objects.
One hole sink is best used for small kitchens design with little cooking activity.
But if the kitchen is used for cooking activities that are quite dense, the two holes can be an option.
In addition to holes, some sinks are equipped with wings (drainboard). This drainboard length varies.
There are even sinks that have no drainboard at all. These wings function as a place to dry.
Dishes washed glass placed on the wing so that the water drains. After drying, the plates and cups are placed on a storage rack.
There is also a sink with additional facilities. For example, a filter (colander) that can be mounted horizontally above the hole.
Then there is also a kind of concoction board (cutting board) that can be mounted on the sink surface like a tray.
If the shape (square, round) can be chosen according to taste, what is more, important is the material.
The most classic is made of stainless steel because it is not only stainless but also easy to clean.
Any stain can be cleaned easily.
On the market, there are other materials from silacron, onix, fiber, plastic, glass, ceramics, solid acrylic, or GRC (Glass fiber Reinforced Cement).
Each material has advantages and disadvantages.
Sink made of silacron, onix, glass, ceramic material has a better thickness.
But the drawback, this material is easily broken or scratched. Solid acrylic, which is made of polyester and resin, especially those with high grade, is resistant to scratches.
This material is often chosen because it can be printed according to size and blends with the tabletop.
Of course, the price is relatively higher.
Things that cannot be separated from the sink are faucets or taps.
As well as choosing a sink, choosing a faucet must also prioritize the element of function.
These days the operation of the tap is not only rotated. But some are swung (swing), pressed, using sensors, and some can even be removed (like a hose).
We can choose the height of the tap following the washing activities carried out.
Consider the stove
There are various types of stoves to choose from.
We can adjust the choices to the size of the land, activities or cooking habits, and of course, the availability of funds.
Suitable for mini kitchens because this type of stove is easily removable.
Even if you want to cook in the yard, this stove with two stoves can be lifted.
The gas and the hose are easily opened and installed.
But its placement, which is higher than the tabletop, somewhat reduces the beauty of the design.
Generally, this stove weighs 9-13 kg with dimensions of 720x420x200mm.
The price is relatively lower than the other types.
A built-in cooker
This has been chosen for a clean kitchen (pantry).
The installation is done by “planted” on the top table so that it displays the same surface as the concoction table.
This type of stove consists of 3-4 furnaces, with a length range of 60-90cm, and knob knobs at the front for easy operation.
It requires extra meticulous care to keep it clean and operate optimally.
Stove stand (freestanding cooker)
This type of stove has 3-4 furnaces with a height of 85cm according to ergonomic standards, width, and length of around 60cm.
Besides having a furnace, this type of stove also features an oven and a stove cover.
Suitable for cooking activities that are quite complex, ranging from boiling, frying, steaming, to baking, can be done at once.
Other equipment needed is a cooker hood
This tool is useful for sucking steam from cooking so that the air in the kitchen stays clean.
On the market, there are two types of cooker hoods.
The first, with a circulation system precisely with carbon filters. Suitable for the kitchen in a narrow area, because it does not need a chimney.
The second is a suction system (with a chimney), which is more suitable for a more extensive kitchen. The suction speed varies from 200 to 500 m3 / hour.
Two lightings can be designed for the kitchen, which is natural and artificial.
Natural lighting is obtained by entering as much sunlight as possible into the kitchen.
How, by making openings in several corners.
Openings can be in the form of windows, doors, or skylights.
Artificial light (lamp) is needed if natural light is no longer able to illuminate the whole corner in the kitchen.
Placement of openings (windows or skylights) should follow the direction of the sun’s movement.
The goal is that the entrance of light into the kitchen can be maximized.
Placement should also be in an area that is directly related to outside space and does not potentially reduce the space in the room.
In creating a neat kitchen, the design of openings should be planned at the same time as the design of the kitchen set.
This aims to make the kitchen and kitchen-set function to the maximum.
What often happens, kitchen set design follows the design of the room and the openings.
There are two forms of artificial lighting, namely the local and comprehensive.
The local one is installed in a particular area, to illuminate that area.
For example, on a concoction table or a sink usually installed attached to the bottom of the upper cabinet.
Its location is hidden so that it is more aesthetic. Around stoves usually do not need to be able to because several cook hoods, in general, are equipped with lights at the bottom.
Another way to light halogen is lighting on a shelf. This lamp can be installed in the desired place.
This physical ability is usually exposed because of its relatively modern model.
As a local spotlight, halogen is placed at the top of the shelf and panned down.
It can also be placed at the bottom of the rack to give light to the top. You choose the power 20watt-50watt.
Overall lighting installed on the ceiling. Some are integrated with the ceiling; some are hanging by using a hood.
Kitchen set designers usually choose to light in the form of TL or fluorescent lamps for the area around the work table.
Halogen lamps are used to illuminate dish racks or displays.
Cabinets, work tables, and kitchen back wall panels are three essential things to consider.
Before making a kitchen design, make sure we get good material.
In the matter of material selection, we are often fooled by the beautiful appearance. We also have to consider the aspect of resilience.
A durable cabinet is quite waterproof and does not expand easily.
An effective work desk is resistant to heat and impact and does not easily absorb dirt from cooking activities.
Likewise, the back panel, it must be easily cleaned and able to look attractive.
Not only does the kitchen cabinet need to be beautiful, but it also has to be strong and durable.
There are many choices of materials that can be used as a cabinet forming. They are materials, ranging from solid wood, processed wood, to glass and aluminum.
Solid wood is relatively strong — especially the hard type such as teak or bangkirai. The material is made from one sheet of whole wood.
But right now, materials with solid wood are hard to come by. If anything, the price is very high.
Therefore, the material commonly used today is material from processed wood, while glass and aluminum are mostly used as a supplement.
The processed wood material is subdivided into plywood and wood planks from pressed wood powder.
Coated wood is often called plywood, while wood boards are made from pressed wood powder such as particleboards and MDF (medium density fiber).
Each of these materials has advantages and disadvantages.
Especially for plywood, it is divided into other types, such as multiplex, teak block, and blockboard.
Multiplex means the wooden board consists of several sheets of wood that are intact.
Teak and block board blocks are plywood with a solid piece of wood in the middle.
All of them have two choices, one smooth surface or two smooth surfaces.
But the surface of the blockboard has been done in the form of melamine finishing.
This type of plywood has better strength and durability than particleboard and MDF, though.
But we must take into account the additional costs to superimpose it.
There are also many types of coatings, for example, takon, HPL (high-pressure laminates), wood coatings or veneers, and many more.
If you use a teak block or blockboard, the surface does not need to be coated again.
In the teak block, the teak wood surface has been seen; just a thin coating is done.
Generally, the ones that are widely used are those with a thickness of 15 inches and 18 inches. Prices range depending on size and type.
With what material will the kitchen table (countertop) we make?
There are various materials on the market that look strong and durable.
But it helps us be thorough so that the costs incurred are balanced with the material you get.
The price is relatively affordable with various sizes, from 20x20cm, 20x30cm to 30x30cm. There are variations in color and format, for example, in the form of a mosaic.
The disadvantage of using ceramics is in the grout.
For long periods of use and heavy cooking activities, grout often seems dirty and difficult to clean.
The ceramic surface is also easily eroded so that the display becomes dull.
The appearance of marble, with a thickness of 1.8-2cm, is impressive aesthetically because it reveals natural stone veins.
The price is relatively higher than the ceramic. Installation is even easier because it can be purchased according to the required size.
The disadvantage is that the pores are more open. This makes it easier for the surface to absorb liquid that has spilled onto the surface.
Besides, marble is also easily cracked by an impact that is too hard.
This is a material whose maintenance is very easy. Dirty a little, quite wiped, I immediately clean and shiny again.
The disadvantage, aluminium absorbs heat. More suitable for industrial kitchens, which are used by highly skilled chefs.
This natural stone looks luxurious with a shiny surface and a small speckled motif.
The pores are also much denser compared to marble.
In addition, granite is also more resistant to impact. However, the relative price is more expensive.
Acrylic Solid Surface
This is a fabrication material consisting of a mixture of acrylic, polyester, and resin.
Of course, each material of this type has a quality level based on the density of the mixture, the denser, the better, and certainly more expensive.
The surface of this material is very dense, so it does not absorb liquid kitchen spices. The disadvantage, the price is quite high.
The color of the tabletop can be adjusted to the overall design.
The black color is more beneficial to protect the surface from possible dirt that is difficult to clean.
But the black color does not support a bright atmosphere.
White looks more hygienic, but must be extra diligent in cleaning.
There are still other colors, such as brown, greenish, yellowish, which you can consider.
Summary of Countertop Materials (I)
|Material||Price||Durability||Easily Cleaned & Maintained?|
|Granite||$AA – $AAAAA||Highly Heat and Scratch Resistant. Unaffected by Harsh Chemicals.||YES|
|Marble||$AA – $AAAA||Highly Heat Resistant. Can scratch. Affected by Harsh Chemicals.||NO|
|Quartzite||$AAA – $AAAA||Highly Heat and Scratch Resistant. Unaffected by Harsh Chemicals.||YES|
|Soapstone||$AAA – $AAAA||Highly Heat and Scratch Resistant. Unaffected by Harsh Chemicals.||NO|
|Porcelain||$AAA – $AAAAA||Highly Heat and Scratch Resistant. Unaffected by Harsh Chemicals.||YES|
|Butcher Block||$AA – $AAAAA||Can Scratch Easily. Heat Resistant but can burn. Can be repaired.||NO|
|Quartz Surfacing||$AAA – $AAAA||Heat resistant but can scorch. Scratch resistant. Unaffected by most chemicals.||YES|
|Solid Surface||$AA – $AAAA||Can scratch easily. Will melt when exposed to high heat. Can be repaired.||NO|
|Laminate||$A – $AAA||Somewhat stain resistant. Can scratch and scorch.||NO|
Summary of Countertop Materials (II)
|Material||Construction||Can you set a hot pan on surface without damage?||Should you expect scratches and regular maintenance?|
|Granite||Genuine Natural Stone||YES||YES|
|Marble||Genuine Natural Stone||YES||NO|
|Quartzite||Genuine Natural Stone||YES||YES|
|Soapstone||Genuine Natural Stone||YES||NO|
|Porcelain||Manufactured from a mix of glass, ceramic and other materials.||YES||YES|
|Butcher Block||Solid wood laminated together with adhesive.||YES||NO|
|Quartz Surfacing||Manufactured from natural quartz and polyester resin.||YES||YES|
|Solid Surface||Manufactured from acrylic resins.||NO||NO|
|Laminate||Manufactured from layers of plastic ahered to particleboard.||NO||NO|
The kitchen wall, behind a work table (commonly called a back panel) needs to be well thought out.
This is an area prone to being dirty and wet with splashes of oil, water, chili sauce, and who knows what else.
Parts as high as 50-60cm are sometimes difficult to clean because the layout is under the cabinet through the wall can also form a more beautiful kitchen, for example, with a choice of material or color.
Often we see the walls fitted with a border or ceramic dot-shaped like fruit or flowers.
Indeed, choosing a kitchen wall is not just about the beauty of its appearance. What’s more important is the ability to hold stains from cooking.
Wall material must be sufficiently resistant to it all.
Wallcoverings must also be able to overcome the problem of humidity from hot temperatures and cold air.
On the market, there are four back panel models: stainless steel, mosaic tiles, glass, and ordinary ceramics.
Stainless steel is often thought to represent the industrial style.
This is closely related to the choice of a number of food industries, including restaurants, who choose this type of material.
Its surface is smooth and shiny — unfortunately, these iron stores heat.
Mosaics are fields from a collection of small boxes measuring about 2x2cm to 4x4cm.
The material is made of ceramic; some are made of glass.
The colors offered are generally bright. The use of mosaics has flourished in the past.
Because of this, current usage is often associated with retro style.
Fuss, the amount of grout often saves stains that are difficult to clean.
Glass is known as the main material of modern pop design. Its character is slick and transparent.
Many use glass as a counterweight to solid wood or iron materials. The impression shown is light and translucent.
This is the most widely available modern material on the market.
The sizes are various: 10x10cm, 20x20cm, 20x30cm, or 30x30cm.
Ceramics can neutralize damp temperatures. Ceramics are also easy to get, and the prices are relatively low.
The installation can be interspersed with borders to beautify the appearance.
Now, the design of the kitchen that is ready now needs to be added with data about the choice of basic materials that you need.
There is always a choice of quality whenever we face funding constraints.
Aka durability is directly related to the quality of the material in addition to the frequency of use.